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Charge-transfer agent used to generate, by oxidation or reduction, positive or negative charges in an intrinsically conducting polymer.
Examples of dopants include AsF5 or I2 as oxidizing agents, generating cation radicals on the chains of an intrinsically conducting polymer (so-called holes), or a solution of sodium naphthalenuidyl in tetrahydrofuran as a reducing agent, generating anion radicals on the chains of an intrinsically conducting polymer.
PAC, 2006, 78, 2067 (Terminology of polymers containing ionizable or ionic groups and of polymers containing ions (IUPAC Recommendations 2006)) on page 2069
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IUPAC. Compendium of Chemical Terminology, 2nd ed. (the "Gold Book"). Compiled by A. D. McNaught and A. Wilkinson. Blackwell Scientific Publications, Oxford (1997). XML on-line corrected version: (2006-) created by M. Nic, J. Jirat, B. Kosata; updates compiled by A. Jenkins. ISBN 0-9678550-9-8.
Last update: 2014-02-24; version: 2.3.3.
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