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dopant

Charge-transfer agent used to generate, by oxidation or reduction, positive or negative charges in an intrinsically conducting polymer.
Note:
Examples of dopants include AsF5 or I2 as oxidizing agents, generating cation radicals on the chains of an intrinsically conducting polymer (so-called holes), or a solution of sodium naphthalenuidyl in tetrahydrofuran as a reducing agent, generating anion radicals on the chains of an intrinsically conducting polymer.
Source:
PAC, 2006, 78, 2067 (Terminology of polymers containing ionizable or ionic groups and of polymers containing ions (IUPAC Recommendations 2006)) on page 2069
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IUPAC. Compendium of Chemical Terminology, 2nd ed. (the "Gold Book"). Compiled by A. D. McNaught and A. Wilkinson. Blackwell Scientific Publications, Oxford (1997). XML on-line corrected version: http://goldbook.iupac.org (2006-) created by M. Nic, J. Jirat, B. Kosata; updates compiled by A. Jenkins. ISBN 0-9678550-9-8. doi:10.1351/goldbook.
Last update: 2014-02-24; version: 2.3.3.
DOI of this term: doi:10.1351/goldbook.DT07203.
Original PDF version: http://www.iupac.org/goldbook/DT07203.pdf. The PDF version is out of date and is provided for reference purposes only. For some entries, the PDF version may be unavailable.
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