The substance fraction
of component entering the flame in the amount of component consumed. The efficiency
of nebulization is related to the amount of component and not to the amount of solvent.
It cannot be calculated directly from the ratio: volume rate
of sample drained from the spray chamber divided by volume rate
of fluid consumed. Corrections usually have to be made to take account of differences
in component concentrations in the drained and consumed solutions, respectively, because
of some solvent from mist droplets deposited on the walls.
PAC, 1986, 58, 1737
(Quantities and units in clinical chemistry: Nebulizer and flame properties in flame
emission and absorption spectrometry (Recommendations 1986))
on page 1740
IUPAC. Compendium of Chemical Terminology, 2nd ed. (the "Gold Book"). Compiled by
A. D. McNaught and A. Wilkinson. Blackwell Scientific Publications, Oxford (1997).
XML on-line corrected version: http://goldbook.iupac.org (2006-) created by M. Nic,
J. Jirat, B. Kosata; updates compiled by A. Jenkins. ISBN 0-9678550-9-8. https://doi.org/10.1351/goldbook