An indirect method of determination of excited state
equilibria, such as
values, based on ground state
thermodynamics and electronic transition energies. This cycle considers only the
difference in molar enthalpy
of reaction of ground and excited states, neglecting the difference in molar entropy
change of reaction of those states ().
PAC, 1996, 68, 2223
(Glossary of terms used in photochemistry (IUPAC Recommendations 1996))
on page 2243
IUPAC. Compendium of Chemical Terminology, 2nd ed. (the "Gold Book"). Compiled by
A. D. McNaught and A. Wilkinson. Blackwell Scientific Publications, Oxford (1997).
XML on-line corrected version: http://goldbook.iupac.org (2006-) created by M. Nic,
J. Jirat, B. Kosata; updates compiled by A. Jenkins. ISBN 0-9678550-9-8. https://doi.org/10.1351/goldbook