Fe2+ + H2O2Fe3+ + OH. + OH−
This is the iron-salt
of dihydrogen peroxide, generating the highly reactive
hydroxyl radical, possibly via
an oxoiron(IV) intermediate. Addition
of a reducing agent, such as ascorbate, leads to a cycle which
increases the damage to biological molecules.
PAC, 1997, 69, 1251
(Glossary of terms used in bioinorganic chemistry (IUPAC Recommendations 1997))
on page 1274
IUPAC. Compendium of Chemical Terminology, 2nd ed. (the "Gold Book"). Compiled by
A. D. McNaught and A. Wilkinson. Blackwell Scientific Publications, Oxford (1997).
XML on-line corrected version: http://goldbook.iupac.org (2006-) created by M. Nic,
J. Jirat, B. Kosata; updates compiled by A. Jenkins. ISBN 0-9678550-9-8. https://doi.org/10.1351/goldbook