of glycerol (propane-1,2,3-triol) with fatty acids
, widely distributed in nature. They are by long-established custom subdivided into
triglycerides, 1,2- or 1,3-diglycerides, and 1- or 2-monoglycerides, according to
the number and position of acyl groups
(not, as one might suppose, the number of glycerol residues). The recommended method
for naming individual glycerides is mono-, di- or tri-O
-acylglycerol, as appropriate.
PAC, 1995, 67, 1307
(Glossary of class names of organic compounds and reactivity intermediates based on
structure (IUPAC Recommendations 1995))
on page 1337
See also: White Book, p. 181
IUPAC. Compendium of Chemical Terminology, 2nd ed. (the "Gold Book"). Compiled by
A. D. McNaught and A. Wilkinson. Blackwell Scientific Publications, Oxford (1997).
XML on-line corrected version: http://goldbook.iupac.org (2006-) created by M. Nic,
J. Jirat, B. Kosata; updates compiled by A. Jenkins. ISBN 0-9678550-9-8. https://doi.org/10.1351/goldbook