All varieties of substances consisting of the element carbon in the allotropic form
irrespective of the presence of structural defects.
The use of the term graphitic carbon is justified if three-dimensional hexagonal crystalline
long-range order can be detected in the material by diffraction
methods, independent of the volume fraction
and the homogeneity of distribution of such crystalline domains. Otherwise, the term
should be used.
PAC, 1995, 67, 473
(Recommended terminology for the description of carbon as a solid (IUPAC Recommendations
on page 493
IUPAC. Compendium of Chemical Terminology, 2nd ed. (the "Gold Book"). Compiled by
A. D. McNaught and A. Wilkinson. Blackwell Scientific Publications, Oxford (1997).
XML on-line corrected version: http://goldbook.iupac.org (2006-) created by M. Nic,
J. Jirat, B. Kosata; updates compiled by A. Jenkins. ISBN 0-9678550-9-8. doi:10.1351/goldbook