A general term used to describe a transition in which the first and second derivatives
of the molar Gibbs energy
or molar Helmholtz energy
(or chemical potential
) with respect to temperature and pressure are continuous, but derivatives of some
higher order are discontinuous at the transition point. Synonymous with smooth transition.
PAC, 1994, 66, 577
(Definitions of terms relating to phase transitions of the solid state (IUPAC Recommendations
on page 583
IUPAC. Compendium of Chemical Terminology, 2nd ed. (the "Gold Book"). Compiled by
A. D. McNaught and A. Wilkinson. Blackwell Scientific Publications, Oxford (1997).
XML on-line corrected version: http://goldbook.iupac.org (2006-) created by M. Nic,
J. Jirat, B. Kosata; updates compiled by A. Jenkins. ISBN 0-9678550-9-8. https://doi.org/10.1351/goldbook