Goldbook title
IUPAC > Gold Book > alphabetical index > H > homoaromatic
Gold G Icon
Indexes Download


Whereas in an aromatic molecule there is continuous overlap of p-orbitals over a cyclic array of atoms, in a homoaromatic molecule there is a formal discontinuity in this overlap resulting from the presence of a single sp 3 hybridized atom at one or several positions within the ring; p-orbital overlap apparently bridges these sp 3 centres, and features associated with aromaticity are manifest in the properties of the compound. Pronounced homoaromaticity is not normally associated with neutral molecules, but mainly with species bearing an electrical charge, e.g. the 'homotropylium' cation, (C8H9+):
In bis, tris, (etc.) homoaromatic species, two, three, (etc.) single sp 3 centres separately interrupt the π-electron system.
PAC, 1994, 66, 1077 (Glossary of terms used in physical organic chemistry (IUPAC Recommendations 1994)) on page 1121
Interactive Link Maps
First Level Second Level Third Level
Cite as:
IUPAC. Compendium of Chemical Terminology, 2nd ed. (the "Gold Book"). Compiled by A. D. McNaught and A. Wilkinson. Blackwell Scientific Publications, Oxford (1997). XML on-line corrected version: (2006-) created by M. Nic, J. Jirat, B. Kosata; updates compiled by A. Jenkins. ISBN 0-9678550-9-8.
Last update: 2014-02-24; version: 2.3.3.
DOI of this term:
Original PDF version: The PDF version is out of date and is provided for reference purposes only. For some entries, the PDF version may be unavailable.
Current PDF version | Version for print | History of this term