of water or of the elements of water (i.e. H and OH) to a molecular entity
. For example, hydration of ethene:
The term is also used in a more restricted sense for the process:
cf. the use of the term in inorganic/physical chemistry to describe the state of the
ions of an electrolyte in aqueous solution.
PAC, 1994, 66, 1077
(Glossary of terms used in physical organic chemistry (IUPAC Recommendations 1994))
on page 1122
IUPAC. Compendium of Chemical Terminology, 2nd ed. (the "Gold Book"). Compiled by
A. D. McNaught and A. Wilkinson. Blackwell Scientific Publications, Oxford (1997).
XML on-line corrected version: http://goldbook.iupac.org (2006-) created by M. Nic,
J. Jirat, B. Kosata; updates compiled by A. Jenkins. ISBN 0-9678550-9-8. https://doi.org/10.1351/goldbook