Used in the thermal decomposition
of heavy (high molecular weight
to smaller (low molecular weight
; high pressures of hydrogen and a special catalyst
are employed. Sulfur compounds in the fuel are reduced to H2S
, and the final hydrocarbon product can be obtained relatively sulfur-free.
PAC, 1990, 62, 2167
(Glossary of atmospheric chemistry terms (Recommendations 1990))
on page 2195
IUPAC. Compendium of Chemical Terminology, 2nd ed. (the "Gold Book"). Compiled by
A. D. McNaught and A. Wilkinson. Blackwell Scientific Publications, Oxford (1997).
XML on-line corrected version: http://goldbook.iupac.org (2006-) created by M. Nic,
J. Jirat, B. Kosata; updates compiled by A. Jenkins. ISBN 0-9678550-9-8. https://doi.org/10.1351/goldbook