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Hückel molecular orbital (HMO) theory

The simplest molecular orbital theory of π-conjugated molecular systems. It uses the following approximations: π-electron approximation; LCAO representation of the π-molecular orbitals; neglect of electron-electron and nuclear-nuclear repulsions (in fact, the assumption that these cancel). The diagonal elements of the effective Hamiltonian, coulombic integrals, and the off-diagonal elements, resonance integrals, (accounted for only directly bonded atoms) are chosen as empirical parameters, all overlap integrals being neglected.
PAC, 1999, 71, 1919 (Glossary of terms used in theoretical organic chemistry) on page 1944
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IUPAC. Compendium of Chemical Terminology, 2nd ed. (the "Gold Book"). Compiled by A. D. McNaught and A. Wilkinson. Blackwell Scientific Publications, Oxford (1997). XML on-line corrected version: (2006-) created by M. Nic, J. Jirat, B. Kosata; updates compiled by A. Jenkins. ISBN 0-9678550-9-8.
Last update: 2014-02-24; version: 2.3.3.
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