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isotropic carbon

A monolithic carbon material without preferred crystallographic orientation of the microstructure.
Isotropic carbon can also be a graphite material. The isotropy can be gross (bulk), macroscopic or microscopic, depending on the structural level at which isotropy is obtained. This word is widely used today and its meaning covers all the above levels. For example, the aerospace graphites have isotropy built in by random grain orientation. Some nuclear graphites are isotropic at the crystalline (sub-grain) level.
PAC, 1995, 67, 473 (Recommended terminology for the description of carbon as a solid (IUPAC Recommendations 1995)) on page 495
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IUPAC. Compendium of Chemical Terminology, 2nd ed. (the "Gold Book"). Compiled by A. D. McNaught and A. Wilkinson. Blackwell Scientific Publications, Oxford (1997). XML on-line corrected version: (2006-) created by M. Nic, J. Jirat, B. Kosata; updates compiled by A. Jenkins. ISBN 0-9678550-9-8.
Last update: 2014-02-24; version: 2.3.3.
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