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Signifies, with its superscript, the bonding number, i.e. the sum of the number of skeletal bonds to an atom and the number of hydrogen atoms associated with it in a parent hydride, real or hypothetical. Its usage in names of compounds is generally restricted to non-standard valence states.
PAC, 1984, 56, 769 (Treatment of variable valence in organic nomenclature (lambda convention) (Recommendations 1983)) on page 774
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IUPAC. Compendium of Chemical Terminology, 2nd ed. (the "Gold Book"). Compiled by A. D. McNaught and A. Wilkinson. Blackwell Scientific Publications, Oxford (1997). XML on-line corrected version: (2006-) created by M. Nic, J. Jirat, B. Kosata; updates compiled by A. Jenkins. ISBN 0-9678550-9-8.
Last update: 2014-02-24; version: 2.3.3.
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