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laser

A source of ultraviolet, visible, or infrared radiation which produces light amplification by stimulated emission of radiation from which the acronym is derived. The light emitted is coherent except for superradiance emission. The essential elements of a laser are: 1, an active medium; 2, a pumping process to make a population inversion; and 3, suitable geometry of optical feedback elements. The active medium consists of a host material (gas, liquid or solid) containing an active species. .
See also: lasing
Source:
PAC, 1996, 68, 2223 (Glossary of terms used in photochemistry (IUPAC Recommendations 1996)) on page 2251
PAC, 1995, 67, 1913 (Nomenclature, symbols, units, and their usage in spectrochemical analysis-XV. Laser-based molecular spectroscopy for chemical analysis - laser fundamentals (IUPAC Recommendations 1995)) on page 1915
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IUPAC. Compendium of Chemical Terminology, 2nd ed. (the "Gold Book"). Compiled by A. D. McNaught and A. Wilkinson. Blackwell Scientific Publications, Oxford (1997). XML on-line corrected version: http://goldbook.iupac.org (2006-) created by M. Nic, J. Jirat, B. Kosata; updates compiled by A. Jenkins. ISBN 0-9678550-9-8. doi:10.1351/goldbook.
Last update: 2014-02-24; version: 2.3.3.
DOI of this term: doi:10.1351/goldbook.L03459.
Original PDF version: http://www.iupac.org/goldbook/L03459.pdf. The PDF version is out of date and is provided for reference purposes only. For some entries, the PDF version may be unavailable.
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