Goldbook title
IUPAC > Gold Book > alphabetical index > L > laws of distribution in precipitation
Gold G Icon
Indexes Download

laws of distribution

Also contains definition of: logarithmic distribution coefficient in precipitation

in precipitation
During the formation of a mixed crystal from a solution containing two components 'A' and 'B', the latter may be distributed according to the equation
K A , B = b ( a 0 − a ) a ( b 0 − b ).
In this homogeneous distribution, a 0 and b 0 are the respective concentrations in the solution before crystallization and a and b are the respective concentrations in the solution after crystallization. K A , B is usually called the separation factor. The term homogeneous distribution coefficient is not recommended. Alternatively the distribution of the micro-component may follow the equation of Doerner and Hoskins
ln ( a 0 a ) = λ ln ( b 0 b )
(logarithmic distribution) where λ is usually called the logarithmic distribution coefficient, the meaning of the other symbols remaining the same. Exactly homogeneous or logarithmic distributions are extreme cases and very seldom encountered.
Interactive Link Maps
First Level Second Level Third Level
Cite as:
IUPAC. Compendium of Chemical Terminology, 2nd ed. (the "Gold Book"). Compiled by A. D. McNaught and A. Wilkinson. Blackwell Scientific Publications, Oxford (1997). XML on-line corrected version: (2006-) created by M. Nic, J. Jirat, B. Kosata; updates compiled by A. Jenkins. ISBN 0-9678550-9-8.
Last update: 2014-02-24; version: 2.3.3.
DOI of this term:
Original PDF version: The PDF version is out of date and is provided for reference purposes only. For some entries, the PDF version may be unavailable.
Current PDF version | Version for print | History of this term