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membrane sites

in an ion-selective electrode
Membranes frequently contain built-in 'fixed' charged sites (e.g. immobile –(SO3) in polystyrenesulfonate), or intentionally added, hydrophobically trapped, 'mobile' sites [e.g. tetraphenylborate in plasticized poly(vinyl chloride)]. Such membranes with charged sites are named sited membranes. Ions of opposite sign in the membrane are 'counter-ions'. Ions of the same sign as sites are not present in significant quantities, and are co-ions. Sited membranes are 'permselective' to counter-ions i.e. only counter-ions exchange into the membrane and therefore have some mobility in the membrane bulk.
PAC, 1994, 66, 2527 (Recommendations for nomenclature of ionselective electrodes (IUPAC Recommendations 1994)) on page 2532
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IUPAC. Compendium of Chemical Terminology, 2nd ed. (the "Gold Book"). Compiled by A. D. McNaught and A. Wilkinson. Blackwell Scientific Publications, Oxford (1997). XML on-line corrected version: (2006-) created by M. Nic, J. Jirat, B. Kosata; updates compiled by A. Jenkins. ISBN 0-9678550-9-8.
Last update: 2014-02-24; version: 2.3.3.
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