The entire physical and chemical processes involved in the maintenance and reproduction
of life in which nutrients are broken down to generate energy and to give simpler
) which by themselves may be used to form more complex molecules (anabolism
). In case of heterotrophic organisms
, the energy evolving from catabolic processes is made available for use by the organism.
PAC, 1992, 64, 143
(Glossary for chemists of terms used in biotechnology (IUPAC Recommendations 1992))
on page 160
IUPAC. Compendium of Chemical Terminology, 2nd ed. (the "Gold Book"). Compiled by
A. D. McNaught and A. Wilkinson. Blackwell Scientific Publications, Oxford (1997).
XML on-line corrected version: http://goldbook.iupac.org (2006-) created by M. Nic,
J. Jirat, B. Kosata; updates compiled by A. Jenkins. ISBN 0-9678550-9-8. https://doi.org/10.1351/goldbook