The commonly used term for a special type of coke
with extremely high graphitizability resulting from a strong preferred parallel orientation
of its turbostratic layer structure and a particular physical shape of the grains.
is derived mainly from clean (i.e. lacking hetero atoms and solids) and highly aromatic
(i.e. several condensed rings per cluster
) feedstocks with a very low concentration of insolubles. Upon solidification
a material with a distinctive streaked or flow-like macroscopic appearance is produced.
Upon grinding the coke
breaks up first into macroscopic needles and then, after further grinding, into microplatelets.
Sometimes the word 'acicular
' is used as a synonym for needle-like.
PAC, 1995, 67, 473
(Recommended terminology for the description of carbon as a solid (IUPAC Recommendations
on page 497
IUPAC. Compendium of Chemical Terminology, 2nd ed. (the "Gold Book"). Compiled by
A. D. McNaught and A. Wilkinson. Blackwell Scientific Publications, Oxford (1997).
XML on-line corrected version: http://goldbook.iupac.org (2006-) created by M. Nic,
J. Jirat, B. Kosata; updates compiled by A. Jenkins. ISBN 0-9678550-9-8. https://doi.org/10.1351/goldbook