The random fluctuations occurring in a signal that are inherent in the combination
of instrument and method.
PAC, 1989, 61, 1657
(Nomenclature for automated and mechanised analysis (Recommendations 1989))
on page 1663
PAC, 1995, 67, 1745
(Nomenclature, symbols, units and their usage in spectrochemical analysis-XI. Detection
of radiation (IUPAC Recommendations 1995))
on page 1750
IUPAC. Compendium of Chemical Terminology, 2nd ed. (the "Gold Book"). Compiled by
A. D. McNaught and A. Wilkinson. Blackwell Scientific Publications, Oxford (1997).
XML on-line corrected version: http://goldbook.iupac.org (2006-) created by M. Nic,
J. Jirat, B. Kosata; updates compiled by A. Jenkins. ISBN 0-9678550-9-8. https://doi.org/10.1351/goldbook