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non-crystalline electrodes

Electrodes in which a support matrix, containing an ion exchanger (either cationic or anionic), a plasticizer solvent, and possibly an uncharged, selectivity-enhancing species, forms the ion-selective membrane which is usually interposed between two aqueous solutions. The support used can be either macroporous [e.g. poly(propylene carbonate) filter, glass frit, etc.] or microporous (e.g. 'thirsty' glass or inertpolymeric material such as PVC) yielding with the ion-exchanger and the solvent a 'solidified' homogeneous mixture. These electrodes exhibit a response due to the presence of the ion-exchange material in the membrane. The solvent-polymeric-membrane is an example.
PAC, 1994, 66, 2527 (Recommendations for nomenclature of ionselective electrodes (IUPAC Recommendations 1994)) on page 2534
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IUPAC. Compendium of Chemical Terminology, 2nd ed. (the "Gold Book"). Compiled by A. D. McNaught and A. Wilkinson. Blackwell Scientific Publications, Oxford (1997). XML on-line corrected version: (2006-) created by M. Nic, J. Jirat, B. Kosata; updates compiled by A. Jenkins. ISBN 0-9678550-9-8.
Last update: 2014-02-24; version: 2.3.3.
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