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passive state

in electrochemical corrosion
The passive state is characterized by a contiguous 'passivating film' of solid corrosion products separating the metallic phase from the adjacent electrolyte. Corrosion in the passive state involves growth of the passivating film and/or transfer of metal ions through the film into the electrolyte.
PAC, 1989, 61, 19 (Electrochemical corrosion nomenclature (Recommendations 1988)) on page 21
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IUPAC. Compendium of Chemical Terminology, 2nd ed. (the "Gold Book"). Compiled by A. D. McNaught and A. Wilkinson. Blackwell Scientific Publications, Oxford (1997). XML on-line corrected version: (2006-) created by M. Nic, J. Jirat, B. Kosata; updates compiled by A. Jenkins. ISBN 0-9678550-9-8.
Last update: 2014-02-24; version: 2.3.3.
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