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The saturated hydrides of tervalent phosphorus having the general formula PnHn+2 . Individual members having an unbranched phosphorus chain are named phosphane, diphosphane, triphosphane, etc. The name of a saturated hydride of phosphorus wherein one or more phosphorus atoms have a bonding number of 5 is formed by prefixing locants and λ 5 symbols to the name of the corresponding phosphane. Hydrocarbyl derivatives of PH3 belong to the class phosphines.
PAC, 1995, 67, 1307 (Glossary of class names of organic compounds and reactivity intermediates based on structure (IUPAC Recommendations 1995)) on page 1357
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IUPAC. Compendium of Chemical Terminology, 2nd ed. (the "Gold Book"). Compiled by A. D. McNaught and A. Wilkinson. Blackwell Scientific Publications, Oxford (1997). XML on-line corrected version: (2006-) created by M. Nic, J. Jirat, B. Kosata; updates compiled by A. Jenkins. ISBN 0-9678550-9-8.
Last update: 2014-02-24; version: 2.3.3.
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