An extrachromosomal genetic element consisting generally of a circular duplex of DNA
which can replicate independently of chromosomal DNA
. R-plasmids are responsible for the mutual transfer of antibioticresistance
among microbes. Plasmids are used as vectors
for cloning DNA
in bacteria or yeast host cells.
PAC, 1992, 64, 143
(Glossary for chemists of terms used in biotechnology (IUPAC Recommendations 1992))
on page 162
IUPAC. Compendium of Chemical Terminology, 2nd ed. (the "Gold Book"). Compiled by
A. D. McNaught and A. Wilkinson. Blackwell Scientific Publications, Oxford (1997).
XML on-line corrected version: http://goldbook.iupac.org (2006-) created by M. Nic,
J. Jirat, B. Kosata; updates compiled by A. Jenkins. ISBN 0-9678550-9-8. https://doi.org/10.1351/goldbook