A transition between two states of a molecular entity
, the energy difference being emitted or absorbed as photons
. In principle, radiative and radiationless transitions can be distinguished in molecules.
The first occur by absorption or emission of light quanta, and the latter is the result
of the transformation
of electronic excitation energy
into vibrational/rotational energy.
PAC, 1996, 68, 2223
(Glossary of terms used in photochemistry (IUPAC Recommendations 1996))
on page 2270
PAC, 1984, 56, 231
(Nomenclature, symbols, units and their usage in spectrochemical analysis-Part VI:
molecular luminescence spectroscopy)
on page 234
IUPAC. Compendium of Chemical Terminology, 2nd ed. (the "Gold Book"). Compiled by
A. D. McNaught and A. Wilkinson. Blackwell Scientific Publications, Oxford (1997).
XML on-line corrected version: http://goldbook.iupac.org (2006-) created by M. Nic,
J. Jirat, B. Kosata; updates compiled by A. Jenkins. ISBN 0-9678550-9-8. https://doi.org/10.1351/goldbook