of a particle entering a nuclear reaction, this energy being just sufficiently high
to lead to the formation of reaction products in one of their excited states.
PAC, 1994, 66, 2513
(Nomenclature for radioanalytical chemistry (IUPAC Recommendations 1994))
on page 2525
IUPAC. Compendium of Chemical Terminology, 2nd ed. (the "Gold Book"). Compiled by
A. D. McNaught and A. Wilkinson. Blackwell Scientific Publications, Oxford (1997).
XML on-line corrected version: http://goldbook.iupac.org (2006-) created by M. Nic,
J. Jirat, B. Kosata; updates compiled by A. Jenkins. ISBN 0-9678550-9-8. https://doi.org/10.1351/goldbook