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Rydberg state

An electronic state that arises by the excitation of a valence electron to a diffuse atomic-like orbital. For instance, the lowest lying Rydberg state (n, 3S) of NH3 can be described as resulting from the excitation of a non-bonding orbital to a 3S Rydberg orbital.
PAC, 1999, 71, 1919 (Glossary of terms used in theoretical organic chemistry) on page 1961
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IUPAC. Compendium of Chemical Terminology, 2nd ed. (the "Gold Book"). Compiled by A. D. McNaught and A. Wilkinson. Blackwell Scientific Publications, Oxford (1997). XML on-line corrected version: (2006-) created by M. Nic, J. Jirat, B. Kosata; updates compiled by A. Jenkins. ISBN 0-9678550-9-8.
Last update: 2014-02-24; version: 2.3.3.
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