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self-absorption broadening

Photons emitted in one region of a source are partly absorbed in their passage through the plasma. Because of the fact that the absorption profile is of the same shape as the emission profile, energy is selectively absorbed from the emission line, i.e. the absorption coefficient is a maximum at the centre of the line or central wavelength. The actual line profile is changed as a result of the lowering of the maximum intensity accompanied by a corresponding increase in apparent halfwidth.
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IUPAC. Compendium of Chemical Terminology, 2nd ed. (the "Gold Book"). Compiled by A. D. McNaught and A. Wilkinson. Blackwell Scientific Publications, Oxford (1997). XML on-line corrected version: http://goldbook.iupac.org (2006-) created by M. Nic, J. Jirat, B. Kosata; updates compiled by A. Jenkins. ISBN 0-9678550-9-8. https://doi.org/10.1351/goldbook.
Last update: 2014-02-24; version: 2.3.3.
DOI of this term: https://doi.org/10.1351/goldbook.S05579.
Original PDF version: http://www.iupac.org/goldbook/S05579.pdf. The PDF version is out of date and is provided for reference purposes only. For some entries, the PDF version may be unavailable.
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