The condition of an instrument when it is switched off to conserve energy or reagents
or to protect working parts. This term is of particular importance in clinical chemistry.
PAC, 1989, 61, 1657
(Nomenclature for automated and mechanised analysis (Recommendations 1989))
on page 1664
IUPAC. Compendium of Chemical Terminology, 2nd ed. (the "Gold Book"). Compiled by
A. D. McNaught and A. Wilkinson. Blackwell Scientific Publications, Oxford (1997).
XML on-line corrected version: http://goldbook.iupac.org (2006-) created by M. Nic,
J. Jirat, B. Kosata; updates compiled by A. Jenkins. ISBN 0-9678550-9-8. https://doi.org/10.1351/goldbook