Generally, reaction with a solvent, or with a lyonium ion
or lyate ion
involving the rupture of one or more bonds in the reacting solute. More specifically
the term is used for substitutionelimination
reactions in which a solvent species is the nucleophile
' if the solvent is an alcohol, etc.).
PAC, 1994, 66, 1077
(Glossary of terms used in physical organic chemistry (IUPAC Recommendations 1994))
on page 1165
IUPAC. Compendium of Chemical Terminology, 2nd ed. (the "Gold Book"). Compiled by
A. D. McNaught and A. Wilkinson. Blackwell Scientific Publications, Oxford (1997).
XML on-line corrected version: http://goldbook.iupac.org (2006-) created by M. Nic,
J. Jirat, B. Kosata; updates compiled by A. Jenkins. ISBN 0-9678550-9-8. https://doi.org/10.1351/goldbook