Values of thermodynamic functions in the standard state
characterized by a standard pressure
, molality or amount concentration
, but not by temperature. Standard quantities are denoted by adding the superscript
to the symbol of the quantity.
PAC, 1994, 66, 533
(Standard quantities in chemical thermodynamics. Fugacities, activities and equilibrium
constants for pure and mixed phases (IUPAC Recommendations 1994))
on page 536
IUPAC. Compendium of Chemical Terminology, 2nd ed. (the "Gold Book"). Compiled by
A. D. McNaught and A. Wilkinson. Blackwell Scientific Publications, Oxford (1997).
XML on-line corrected version: http://goldbook.iupac.org (2006-) created by M. Nic,
J. Jirat, B. Kosata; updates compiled by A. Jenkins. ISBN 0-9678550-9-8. https://doi.org/10.1351/goldbook