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stress graphitization

The solid-state transformation of non-graphitic carbon into graphite by heat treatment combined with application of mechanical stress, resulting in a defined degree of graphitization being obtained at a lower temperature and/or after a shorter time of heat treatment than in the absence of applied stress.
Stress graphitization may also occur in volume elements of a carbon body in the process of heat treatment as a result of the action of internal residual or thermal stresses.
PAC, 1995, 67, 473 (Recommended terminology for the description of carbon as a solid (IUPAC Recommendations 1995)) on page 505
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IUPAC. Compendium of Chemical Terminology, 2nd ed. (the "Gold Book"). Compiled by A. D. McNaught and A. Wilkinson. Blackwell Scientific Publications, Oxford (1997). XML on-line corrected version: (2006-) created by M. Nic, J. Jirat, B. Kosata; updates compiled by A. Jenkins. ISBN 0-9678550-9-8.
Last update: 2014-02-24; version: 2.3.3.
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