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in biocatalysis
  1. The chemical entity whose conversion to a product or products is catalysed by one or several enzymes.
  2. A solution or dry mixture containing all ingredients which are necessary for the growth of a microbial culture or for product formation.
  3. Component in the nutrient medium, supplying the organisms with carbon (C-substrate), nitrogen (N-substrate), etc.
PAC, 1992, 64, 143 (Glossary for chemists of terms used in biotechnology (IUPAC Recommendations 1992)) on page 166
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IUPAC. Compendium of Chemical Terminology, 2nd ed. (the "Gold Book"). Compiled by A. D. McNaught and A. Wilkinson. Blackwell Scientific Publications, Oxford (1997). XML on-line corrected version: (2006-) created by M. Nic, J. Jirat, B. Kosata; updates compiled by A. Jenkins. ISBN 0-9678550-9-8.
Last update: 2014-02-24; version: 2.3.3.
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