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syntectic reaction

A reversible reaction that involves the conversion of two liquid phases, l ' and l '', into a solid phase α on cooling:
l ' + l '' ⇌ α
The maximum temperature at which this reaction can occur is the congruent melting point of the solid phase. Example: The conversion of co-existing K-rich and Zn-rich phases in the K-Zn system to form an intermediate solid phase KZn13.
PAC, 1994, 66, 577 (Definitions of terms relating to phase transitions of the solid state (IUPAC Recommendations 1994)) on page 592
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IUPAC. Compendium of Chemical Terminology, 2nd ed. (the "Gold Book"). Compiled by A. D. McNaught and A. Wilkinson. Blackwell Scientific Publications, Oxford (1997). XML on-line corrected version: (2006-) created by M. Nic, J. Jirat, B. Kosata; updates compiled by A. Jenkins. ISBN 0-9678550-9-8.
Last update: 2014-02-24; version: 2.3.3.
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