Goldbook title
IUPAC > Gold Book > alphabetical index > S > spin crossover
Gold G Icon
Indexes Download

spin crossover

A type of molecular magnetism that is the result of electronic instability (see electronic stability) caused by external constraints (temperature, pressure, or electromagnetic radiation), which induce structural changes at molecular and lattice levels. The phenomenon is most characteristic of first-row transition metal complexes, e g,. those of FeII. An example of spin-crossover complexes (the term of spin-state isomers is also used) is [Fe(2-pic)3]Cl2·EtOH (2-pic = 2-picolylamine). At the FeN distance of 203.2 pm (115 K), the complex has an electronic low-spin state (1A1), whereas stretching the bond up to 219.9 pm at 227 K induces the transition to a high-spin state (5T2).
PAC, 1999, 71, 1919 (Glossary of terms used in theoretical organic chemistry) on page 1963
Interactive Link Maps
First Level Second Level Third Level
Cite as:
IUPAC. Compendium of Chemical Terminology, 2nd ed. (the "Gold Book"). Compiled by A. D. McNaught and A. Wilkinson. Blackwell Scientific Publications, Oxford (1997). XML on-line corrected version: (2006-) created by M. Nic, J. Jirat, B. Kosata; updates compiled by A. Jenkins. ISBN 0-9678550-9-8.
Last update: 2014-02-24; version: 2.3.3.
DOI of this term:
Original PDF version: The PDF version is out of date and is provided for reference purposes only. For some entries, the PDF version may be unavailable.
Current PDF version | Version for print | History of this term