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term symbols

Symbols characterizing the states of atoms and molecules in terms of multiplicity, symmetry of the total electronic wavefunction, and sometimes total (orbital + spin) angular momentum. Examples: 2 P 1 / 2 denotes an atomic state of multiplicity 2 (doublet), electron orbital angular momentum quantum number L = 1, and orbital plus spin angular momentum quantum number J = 1 2.
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IUPAC. Compendium of Chemical Terminology, 2nd ed. (the "Gold Book"). Compiled by A. D. McNaught and A. Wilkinson. Blackwell Scientific Publications, Oxford (1997). XML on-line corrected version: http://goldbook.iupac.org (2006-) created by M. Nic, J. Jirat, B. Kosata; updates compiled by A. Jenkins. ISBN 0-9678550-9-8. doi:10.1351/goldbook.
Last update: 2014-02-24; version: 2.3.3.
DOI of this term: doi:10.1351/goldbook.T06277.
Original PDF version: http://www.iupac.org/goldbook/T06277.pdf. The PDF version is out of date and is provided for reference purposes only. For some entries, the PDF version may be unavailable.
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