A special type of carbon black
produced by pyrolysis
of gaseous hydrocarbons
in a preheated chamber in the absence of air. Thermal black consists of relatively
large individual spheres
diameter) and aggregates of a small number of pseudospherical particles. The preferred
alignment of the layer planes is parallel to the surface of the spheres.
PAC, 1995, 67, 473
(Recommended terminology for the description of carbon as a solid (IUPAC Recommendations
on page 505
IUPAC. Compendium of Chemical Terminology, 2nd ed. (the "Gold Book"). Compiled by
A. D. McNaught and A. Wilkinson. Blackwell Scientific Publications, Oxford (1997).
XML on-line corrected version: http://goldbook.iupac.org (2006-) created by M. Nic,
J. Jirat, B. Kosata; updates compiled by A. Jenkins. ISBN 0-9678550-9-8. https://doi.org/10.1351/goldbook