A calibration of a
set-up based on the finding that the retention volume of a molecular or particulate
species is a single-valued function of an appropriate size parameter of this molecule
or particle, irrespective of its chemical nature and structure. The product of the
and molar mass,
has been widely used as the size parameter.
IUPAC. Compendium of Chemical Terminology, 2nd ed. (the "Gold Book"). Compiled by
A. D. McNaught and A. Wilkinson. Blackwell Scientific Publications, Oxford (1997).
XML on-line corrected version: http://goldbook.iupac.org (2006-) created by M. Nic,
J. Jirat, B. Kosata; updates compiled by A. Jenkins. ISBN 0-9678550-9-8. https://doi.org/10.1351/goldbook