https://doi.org/10.1351/goldbook.R05235

Fraction of incident radiation reflected by a surface or discontinuity, \(\rho(\lambda) = \frac{P_{\lambda} ^{\text{refl}}}{P_{\lambda} ^{\text{0}}}\), where \(P_{\lambda}^{\text{0}}\) and \(P_{\lambda}^{\text{refl}}\) are, respectively, the incident and reflected @S05828@.

The reflectance for a beam of light normally incident on a surface separating two materials of refractive indices \(n_{1}\) and \(n_{2}\) is given by \[\rho(\lambda) = \frac{\left ( n_{1}\,-\,n_{2}\right )^{2}}{\left ( n_{1}\,+\,n_{2} \right )^{2}}\] Reflectance increases as the @A00346@ of incidence decreases from 90 degrees.

**Note:**

The reflectance for a beam of light normally incident on a surface separating two materials of refractive indices \(n_{1}\) and \(n_{2}\) is given by \[\rho(\lambda) = \frac{\left ( n_{1}\,-\,n_{2}\right )^{2}}{\left ( n_{1}\,+\,n_{2} \right )^{2}}\] Reflectance increases as the @A00346@ of incidence decreases from 90 degrees.