toxicity

https://doi.org/10.1351/goldbook.T06414
  1. Capacity to cause injury to a living organism defined with reference to the quantity of substance administered or absorbed, the way in which the substance is administered (inhalation, ingestion, topical application, injection) and distributed in time (single or repeated doses), the type and severity of injury, the time needed to produce the injury, the nature of the organism(s) affected and other relevant conditions.
  2. Adverse effects of a substance on a living organism defined with reference to the quantity of substance administered or absorbed, the way in which the substance is administered (inhalation, ingestion, topical application, injection) and distributed in time (single or repeated doses), the type and severity of injury, the time needed to produce the injury, the nature of the organism(s) affected, and other relevant conditions.
  3. Measure of incompatibility of a substance with life: this quantity may be expressed as the reciprocal of the absolute value of @M03810@ (\(\frac{1}{\text{LD}_{50}}\)) or concentration (\(\frac{1}{\text{LC}_{50}}\)).
Source:
PAC, 1993, 65, 2003. (Glossary for chemists of terms used in toxicology (IUPAC Recommendations 1993)) on page 2107 [Terms] [Paper]