Atomic and ionic spectral lines
originate from specified electronic transitions between energy levels of atoms and
ions, respectively. In the past it has been common useage to denote atomic lines as
arc lines and ionic lines as spark lines. This usage is now considered to be incorrect.
The correct way to indicate that lines are due to atomic or ionic transitions is:
Element symbol I wavelength
e.g. Cu I
; and Element symbol II wavelength
e.g. Cu II
Similarly for higher states of ionization
the type of line is represented by III, IV, etc.
IUPAC. Compendium of Chemical Terminology, 2nd ed. (the "Gold Book"). Compiled by
A. D. McNaught and A.Wilkinson. Blackwell Scientific Publications, Oxford (1997).
XML on-line corrected version: http://goldbook.iupac.org (2006-) created by M. Nic,
J. Jirat, B. Kosata; updates compiled by A. Jenkins. ISBN 0-9678550-9-8. https://doi.org/10.1351/goldbook