The amount of oxygen, divided by the volume of the system, taken up through the respiratory
activity of microorganisms growing on the organic compounds present in the sample
(e.g. water or sludge) when incubated at a specified temperature (usually
for a fixed period (usually
It is a measure of that organic pollution of water which can be degraded biologically.
In practice, it is usually expressed in milligrams
PAC, 1992, 64, 143
(Glossary for chemists of terms used in biotechnology (IUPAC Recommendations 1992))
on page 148
IUPAC. Compendium of Chemical Terminology, 2nd ed. (the "Gold Book"). Compiled by
A. D. McNaught and A. Wilkinson. Blackwell Scientific Publications, Oxford (1997).
XML on-line corrected version: http://goldbook.iupac.org (2006-) created by M. Nic,
J. Jirat, B. Kosata; updates compiled by A. Jenkins. ISBN 0-9678550-9-8. https://doi.org/10.1351/goldbook