of glycerol (propane-1,2,3-triol) with fatty acids
, widely distributed in nature. They are by long-established custom subdivided into
triglycerides, 1,2- or 1,3-diglycerides, and 1- or 2-monoglycerides, according to
the number and position of acyl groups
(not, as one might suppose, the number of glycerol residues). The recommended method
for naming individual glycerides is mono-, di- or tri-O
-acylglycerol, as appropriate.
PAC, 1995, 67, 1307
(Glossary of class names of organic compounds and reactivity intermediates based on
structure (IUPAC Recommendations 1995))
on page 1337
IUPAC. Compendium of Chemical Terminology, 2nd ed. (the "Gold Book"). Compiled by
A. D. McNaught and A. Wilkinson. Blackwell Scientific Publications, Oxford (1997).
XML on-line corrected version: http://goldbook.iupac.org (2006-) created by M. Nic,
J. Jirat, B. Kosata; updates compiled by A. Jenkins. ISBN 0-9678550-9-8. https://doi.org/10.1351/goldbook