of a chemical reaction
in solution by the addition of a surfactant at a concentration higher than its critical micelle concentration
so that the reaction can proceed in the environment of surfactant aggregates ( micelles
). (Rate enhancements may be due, for example, to higher concentration of the reactants
in that environment, more favourable orientation and solvation
of the species, or enhanced rate constants in the micellar pseudophase of the surfactant
formation can also lead to a decreased reaction rate.
PAC, 1994, 66, 1077
(Glossary of terms used in physical organic chemistry (IUPAC Recommendations 1994))
on page 1140
IUPAC. Compendium of Chemical Terminology, 2nd ed. (the "Gold Book"). Compiled by
A. D. McNaught and A. Wilkinson. Blackwell Scientific Publications, Oxford (1997).
XML on-line corrected version: http://goldbook.iupac.org (2006-) created by M. Nic,
J. Jirat, B. Kosata; updates compiled by A. Jenkins. ISBN 0-9678550-9-8. https://doi.org/10.1351/goldbook