The incorporation of molecular oxygen into a molecular entity. There are three common
mechanisms: Type I: the reaction of triplet molecular oxygen with radicals formed
photochemically. Type II: the reaction of photochemically produced singlet molecular
oxygen with molecular entities to give rise to oxygen containing molecular entities.
The third mechanism proceeds by electron transfer
producing superoxide anion
as the reactive species.
PAC, 1996, 68, 2223
(Glossary of terms used in photochemistry (IUPAC Recommendations 1996))
on page 2264
IUPAC. Compendium of Chemical Terminology, 2nd ed. (the "Gold Book"). Compiled by
A. D. McNaught and A. Wilkinson. Blackwell Scientific Publications, Oxford (1997).
XML on-line corrected version: http://goldbook.iupac.org (2006-) created by M. Nic,
J. Jirat, B. Kosata; updates compiled by A. Jenkins. ISBN 0-9678550-9-8. https://doi.org/10.1351/goldbook