The conversion of a substrate
into a particular product, irrespective of reagents or mechanisms
involved. For example, the transformation of aniline
) may be effected
by use of acetyl chloride or acetic anhydride or ketene. A transformation is distinct
from a reaction, the full description of which would state or imply all the reactants
and all the products.
PAC, 1994, 66, 1077
(Glossary of terms used in physical organic chemistry (IUPAC Recommendations 1994))
on page 1173
IUPAC. Compendium of Chemical Terminology, 2nd ed. (the "Gold Book"). Compiled by
A. D. McNaught and A. Wilkinson. Blackwell Scientific Publications, Oxford (1997).
XML on-line corrected version: http://goldbook.iupac.org (2006-) created by M. Nic,
J. Jirat, B. Kosata; updates compiled by A. Jenkins. ISBN 0-9678550-9-8. https://doi.org/10.1351/goldbook