A term used to describe a compound containing a large organic cation
which possesses a long unbranched hydrocarbon chain, e.g.
(n > 7 )
The existence of distinct polar (hydrophilic
) and nonpolar (hydrophobic) regions in the molecule promotes the formation of micelles
in dilute aqueous solution.
PAC, 1994, 66, 1077
(Glossary of terms used in physical organic chemistry (IUPAC Recommendations 1994))
on page 1083