in carbon chemistry
The process in which the carbonaceous binder, usually coal tar pitch or petroleum pitch, as part of a shaped carbon mix is converted to carbon yielding a rigid carbon body by the slow application of heat. The process can take as little as Math - text in coarse-grained, electrothermic grades (low binder level) and as long as Math - text in ultra-fine-grained, speciality grades (high binder level). The final baking temperature can be in the range of Math - textMath - text, depending on the grade.
PAC, 1995, 67, 473 (Recommended terminology for the description of carbon as a solid (IUPAC Recommendations 1995)) on page 477