Förster excitation transfer (dipole–dipole excitation transfer)

Also contains definition of: critical quenching radius, r 0

A mechanism of excitation transfer which can occur between molecular entities separated by distances considerably exceeding the sum of their van der Waals radii. It is described in terms of an interaction between the transition dipole moments (a dipolar mechanism). The transfer rate constantk D → A is given by:
k D → A = K 2 J 8.8 × 10 −28 mol n 4 τ 0 r 6
where K is an orientation factor, n the refractive index of the medium, τ 0 the radiative lifetime of the donor, r the distance (cm) between donor (D) and acceptor (A), and J the spectral overlap (in coherent units cm 6 mol −1) between the absorption spectrum of the acceptor and the fluorescence spectrum of the donor. The critical quenching radius, r 0, is that distance at which k D → A is equal to the inverse of the radiative lifetime.
See also: Dexter excitation transfer, energy transfer, radiative energy transfer
PAC, 1996, 68, 2223 (Glossary of terms used in photochemistry (IUPAC Recommendations 1996)) on page 2243