A name in which the replacement of an atom or a group of a parent structure by another
atom or group is indicated by affixes attached to or inserted into the name of the
parent structure. There are two main types of replacement names.
Skeletal replacement name. A name in which the replacement of skeletal atoms and their
associated hydrogen atoms is indicated by non-detachable prefixes. When carbon atoms
are replaced by heteroatoms this method has been called 'a' nomenclature since the prefixes end in 'a'. Certain names in which the prefix 'thio-', 'seleno-' or 'telluro-' indicates replacement of a skeletal oxygen atom by a sulfur, selenium or tellurium
atom, respectively, are also skeletal replacement names.
Functional replacement name. A name containing prefixes or infixes which indicate
the replacement of an oxygen atom or hydroxy group of a characteristic group, functional parent or class name by other atoms or groups.