differential scanning calorimetry (DSC)

https://doi.org/10.1351/goldbook.D01708
A technique in which the difference in energy inputs into a substance (and/or its reaction product(s)) and a reference material is measured as a function of temperature whilst the substance and reference material are subjected to a controlled temperature programme.
Sources:
Orange Book, 2nd ed., p. 44 (http://media.iupac.org/publications/analytical_compendium/)
PAC, 1985, 57, 1737. 'Nomenclature for thermal analysis - IV (Recommendations 1985)' on page 1739 (https://doi.org/10.1351/pac198557111737)